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How is learning disorder diagnosed in children?

How is learning disorder diagnosed in children?


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Many parents, after a while observing their child's behavior and recognizing symptoms that may hide a Learning Disorder (PD), begin to suspect its existence. When this happens, one of your main questions is what to do next to diagnose and help your child.

When parents decide to act to find out what is happening to their child, they are often unaware which specialist to go to for diagnosis of a possible Learning Disorder. Given this, it must be taken into account that, despite the fact that ATs have a neurological origin, they have an important behavioral and emotional component. Therefore, the specialist indicated to make the diagnosis it is usually the psychologist, since in the vast majority of cases there are also emotional problems.

In fact, it is a vicious circle where poor school results - caused by difficulties in areas such as reading, writing or calculating - lead to low self-esteem in the child and dire consequences both in the social and school environment of the affected person: they feel the last of the class, they get frustrated because they do not progress at the same pace as the rest and, sometimes, this makes it difficult for them to interact with their classmates.

Although the diagnosis falls mainly on the psychologist, to address this type of disorder it is advisable to do it in a multidisciplinary way, counting on other specialists such as psychopedagogues, psychiatrists or speech therapists. Therefore, it is advisable to go to a center that integrates, in the same place, all these professionals in order to save time between sessions, and help the child become familiar with the environment.

Another of the great doubts of parents during the diagnostic process is knowing what kinds of tests will the child have. Conventional diagnostic techniques are combined with the most innovative ones. Thus, the diagnosis could be divided into two parts: evolution and development, and exploration of the child.

On the one hand, in the evolution phase, we seek to know, through the medical history, how the psychomotor development and behavior of the child have been from pregnancy to the present. On the other hand, the exploration phase serves to complement this knowledge and, through different questionnaires, assess the current capabilities of the child. Some of the most used are:

- Wisc-IV: is a questionnaire used to measure the child's IQ and rule out this factor as the cause of poor school performance.

- Prolec and Talec: These questionnaires assess whether the child has any problem with reading or writing, skills affected by disorders such as dyslexia or dysgraphia.

- Bender: It is used to know the degree of psychomotor maturation of the child and to see if his development is in line with his age.

- D2: With this questionnaire the child's ability to maintain attention is evaluated, helping to detect a possible Attention Deficit Disorder (ADHD).

As a complement to conventional diagnosis, they are already beginning to be applied neurometric techniques such as brain mapping or qEEG, approved by the US Food and Drug Administration (FDA), to provide a more accurate diagnosis of Learning Disorders. With this tool, an analysis of the electrical activity of the child's brain can be performed to check if there are any areas that are not working properly.

You can read more articles similar to How is learning disorder diagnosed in children?, in the On-site Learning category.


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