The symptoms of stuttering depend on the stage in which the child develops the disorder. Some experts on the subject determine that stuttering has four stages. Throughout these stages, stuttering develops. Learn to detect the symptoms of each stage to detect this speech disorder early.
1. The stage of the initial repetitions: It is about repetitions and hesitations of the child who is beginning his language learning. It usually occurs around the 3 years old.
2. The stage of convulsive repetitions. It occurs when the child emits slower and more jerky repetitions. It is called transitional stuttering and usually occurs when the child has 6 to 7 years.
3. The confirmed stage. When the child speaks, he suffers obvious interruptions, turns red and makes no sounds. Then he returns to expressing an apparently violent speech. It is confirmed stuttering. The child is aware that his speech is a problem.
4. The advanced stage. When the child stutters, with associated movements, and even presents respiratory disorders.
- Repetitions, blocks, and prolongations of sounds, words, syllables, etc.
- Alteration in breathing
- Alteration in the tone of the voice
- Feelings of anxiety, frustration, embarrassment, when speaking
- Increased heart rate
- Increased muscle tension due to effort to conclude what is wanted to say
- Associated movement such as grimaces in the house, movements of the head, shrug of the shoulders, etc.
Tasks like going to buy bread, talking or reading in class, or making a phone call can become a real nightmare for children. For that reason, stuttering needs to be diagnosed as soon as possible so that the child can develop and have a more complete evolution.
The treatment of this disorder will depend on the stage in which it is found. It is estimated that two-thirds of children with impaired fluency in speaking they will overcome them spontaneously, without the need for treatment, but it is essential to know if it is a child with future risk of stuttering. If the diagnosis is confirmed, treatment should be started before the age of 6, when the language is not yet consolidated. At this age the clinical picture can be completely reversed.
Stuttering child se can heal perfectly in 80%, with treatment in Speech Therapy. Treatment will be more complex in more advanced stages. It will consist of training the child's speech fluency skills, through a speech therapist, apart from treating the child's behavioral aspects.
1. Correction of misconceptions, and change of expressions from 'this is going to be a disaster' to 'I'm going to take up the challenge' or 'I know I can do it right', etc.
2. In managing the tension-anxiety, through the application of muscle relaxation techniques.
3. In handling avoidance behavior, applying behavioral modification techniques.
Stuttering is a complex disorder with a multifactorial etiology, where the help of specialists in the area is required, but above all the support of the family is needed.
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