Dictations have many advantages for boys and girls of all ages: they help them understand grammar and spelling, avoid mistakes, and improve concentration and memory. But, in order to have these and many other benefits, dictation exercises have to be done well and slowly so that children can understand it correctly. That is why today we want to share with you these useful tips for reading dictations to children well. Let's see it!
As we told you at the beginning, doing just one dictation a day contributes a lot to the little ones in the house, among other things, they learn to write correctly and it helps them to memorize the grammatical rules that they are seeing at school. In order for them to see it as something entertaining, and not as a boring task, parents and teachers must follow rules to read the dictations to children well and that they can write them in the best possible way.
1. Choose a text that is his age
In the first grade of primary school they begin to see the use of the “b” and the “v” and the punctuation marks; secondly, they reinforce what was previously learned and add new grammatical rules such as the correct use of "g" and "j" ... And so on until they complete the two primary cycles. What we want to tell you with this is that the dictation that you give your child must contain those grammar rules that they are seeing in class in order to make a reinforcement.
2. Take into account the length of the dictations
For the little ones who are starting in the world of reading and writing, a dictation a day of a couple of lines will suffice. As they grow, the length of the dictations will increase as well as their complexity, without ever becoming too long. It is about doing an exercise as a complement but without taking time from doing the other tasks.
3. In verse or prose?
Another question that comes to mind when preparing dictations for boys and girls is whether to do them in verse or prose. The answer is very simple, both ways! In fact, the most successful thing is to alternate one and the other to see their differences and take advantage of the way to show them short poems by famous authors that are sure to be to their liking.
4. Emphasize the most complicated words
Either a double "r", an exclamation or a full stop. Every time a new element is introduced in a dictation exercise, we must emphasize and vocalize loudly and slowly so that the child can write it down. The same happens with those spelling rules that cost more, we will have to stop for a few seconds and pronounce in a different way to help the child understand.
5. How many times must the dictation be repeated?
As a general rule we will say the dictation twice, a first time slowly so that they can write it well and a second time as a review in which the child must read in a low voice what he has written as we are dictating it. However, if they are just starting to do dictations, we can repeat it more than twice, sometimes they are exercises that cost a little until they become fluent with the pencil.
6. Just a dictation or two a day
For boys and girls up to the third year of primary school, it will be enough to do a dictation a day of one or two not very long paragraphs. For those who are approaching high school, up to two dictations a day can be done, or alternate one day one dictation and another day two exercises. If the little one is insisted on doing more dictation exercises, he will end up rejecting the task. Motivation and interest is the basis of everything.
7. Time to correct the dictation!
Once the dictation has been made, it is time to correct it in front of the child so that they can see what they have done well and what they need to improve. Of course, all your doubts should be answered and you are encouraged to confidently ask what you do not understand. The things that have failed will be those that are part of the dictation the next day as reinforcement.
And now it's time to move from theory to practice. Prepared? Here we propose some examples of dictations for boys and girls of different ages so that you can practice. When reading them to your children or students, try to apply the above tips.
- Dictation for boys and girls from 5 to 7 years old
If your child or student is starting primary school, these short dictations will be adjusted to their knowledge:
The dog and the cat are friends and walk together.
Today is soup and chicken for dinner and a glass of milk for dessert.
- Dictation for boys and girls from 8 to 10 years old
As they get older and go to third and fourth grade, the dictations can be lengthened and complicated. How about these two:
Donkey Pepe likes to play with his friend Sara the frog in the park. First they play running and then hide and seek. Then they go home and as they are so tired they fall asleep while the Wise lion reads their favorite story to them.
"I have to hurry," said Pedro. "Where are you going in such a hurry?" Asks his inseparable partner Luis. "To my grandfather's house, which is his birthday and I have to get there before he blows out the candles," replies Pedro. And so the two good friends continued talking for a while while one of them hurried to get to his beloved grandfather's house on time.
- Exercises for students from 11 to 13 years old
By the end of primary school, children will already be able to make more difficult dictations with any type of word.
That day I was sad and angry because my parents had scolded me for being home late the night before. Also, the exam had not gone the way I wanted and my cousin had not invited me to the party he was giving at his house. What a mess! Why is it that sometimes nothing turns out the way you want? I thought. And I was thinking about those questions with my head down and without a hint of illusion when something unexpected happened that completely changed history ...
Adrián loves dinosaurs, he has studied them this term as a science project at school, so he spends the whole day talking about them and also imitating them. Adrián is 6 years old and he is a brave, fearless and very funny boy. Valentin, his older brother who is 15 years old, does not understand that Adrián is constantly playing at being a paleontologist, or worse, imitating the noise of dinosaurs. How can I make him forget about them for at least a little while? Grumpy Valentine wonders. Just when he thinks he has found the answer, little Adrián arrives with good and unexpected news ...
You already have the keys to read dictations to children well, Shall we start?
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